UNESCO / Historical churches 1/4 – Tourism attractions of Isfahan
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- Historical churches . Historical churches 1/4 - Tourism attractions of Isfahan . Holy Bethlehem Church . IRAN . Saint Marry and Hakop Churches complex . Tourism attractions of Isfahan . vank cathedral .
Historical churches 1/4 – Tourism attractions of Isfahan, Iran
Iran has a city in its middle known as Nesfe Jahan (half of the world). Every corner you go is full of different constructions every which has been a part of this city and has hidden a story at its heart. Every historical period has a print of specific architecture on the city based on its special characteristics.
Meanwhile religion has played a role in forming the construction of this city and exquisite constructions have been built in any quarter based on residents’ beliefs. Isfahan is a city in which people lived with diverse religions during the history and had a building in the city. In some quarters the mosques show the presence of the Muslims and in some places holy shrines of minorities have been formed.
In Shah Abbas (safavid) era Armenian citizens have been transplanted to Isfahan in order to prevent depredation and incursion of Ottoman Turks.
The Armenian resided in Julfa and as soon as entered Isfahan they built some churches in the city by the permission of Shah Abbas. These churches were inspired by Iranian architecture and art and had differences with Armenian churches in appearance external embellishments.
Churches are places for Christians to pray and are of high sacredness for them. Then historic churches in addition to religious value are historically valuable for people. Today we go to historic churches of Isfahan and introduce them to you, but it is better to see travel guide to Isfahan. For more information.
Vank cathedral is one of the historic churches of the Armenian in Isfahan which dates back to ShahAbbas ΙΙ. Vank means “monastery” in Armenian language. This church is called “Amena Pergich” meaning “Cathedral of All Saviors” among Armenian people and named after “Surp Amena Pergich” in Jugha, Nakhichavan.
Vank cathedral is 8731sqm which the buildings occupies 3857sqm and the rest allocated to gardens and other spaces. The three-story belfry is on the top of entrance which has a 300-kilogram clock on its second floor. The belfry and its clock date back to 1931 and they are gifts by “Mardirus Hordanian”to the church.
Some characteristics of Vank which make it distinctive from other Armenian ancient churches include:
Unlike the other churches which built of stone, Vank was built of mud brick
The dome of churches are pyramidal but Vank dome has been designed and constructed like Iranian mosque dome in Safavid era
Use of gilding in this church is more different than the other churches
All walls and internal angles embellished with paintings about holly Bible, the paintings from Jesus’ birth to his Ascension Day, Dooms Day, paradise, and hell.
These works have been created by Armenian masters named Hovannes, Khajeh Avadich Stepanosian, and Menas and financially supported by Khajeh Avadich Stepanosian.
Vank cathedral registered in Iranian national heritage list in 1931.
Address: Church Ave. Nazar St. Hakim Nezami Cross road, Julfa
Saint Marry and Hakop Churches complex
Saint Marry and Hakoop churches are two historic churches in Isfahan which date back to Safavid era. Hakop church which is also known as Saint Jacob, is the most ancient church in Isfahan and has been built in 1607. Initially it was built in shape of a cross but after ruining the southern part in 1843 it changed into rectangular shape with dimensions of 9.3 × 2.12. The main materials of the church are mud and baked brick and the internal walls covered with plaster but the external ones covered with clay.
Another churches were built around this church and called it Saint Marry church. Saint Marry church considered as the second ancient church in Isfahan and it was built by a merchant named Avadich Babakian.
The church has a rectangular shape and is of Armenian domed hall churches and has been built from mud and baked bricks. On internal walls, you can see paintings on Holly Bible and there are enameled tiles on the surface of external arches.
Today Hakop church is located inside the yard of Saint Marry church on northern part and they formed a complex which has been registered in Iranian national heritage list in 2002 No. 7647.
Address: Near towhid St. Grand square, Nazar Ave, Julfa
Holy Bethlehem Church
Bethlehem Church is one of the bigest churches in Isfahan which is located on the north of Hakop and Saint Marry churches and is also called Holly Bedghehem church or Beyt Lahm church or Bethlehem church. This church has been constructed by a famous Armenian merchant named Khajeh Petros Valijanian in Safavid era. His mausoleum and some of his family members’ mausoleum are in the church yard and one of the streets in Julfa named after him.
Holy Bethlehem Church has the biggest dome among Isfahan churches which has been built of mud and brick. The church has registered in Iranian national heritage list in 81/12/17 No. 7643.
Address Julfa square, eastern Nazar Ave.