Tour To Iran / Isfahan tourism attractions – Isfahan Historical Schools
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- Chahar Bagh Madrese . Emamiyeh Madrese . Ibne Sina (Avicenna) Madrese . Isfahan Historical Schools . Isfahan tourism attractions .
Isfahan tourism attractions – historic Madrese (school)
Isfahan has been always considered as one of the important tourist attractions in Iran and thanks to historical and cultural monuments it is called Nesfe Jahan (half of the world).
Again we go to this historic city in order to look for its beauties in historical Madrese (school). Education was one of the important and vital subjects in every period of the history and it has been paid much attention in Iranian culture. Maybe “Maktabkhaneh” can be considered as the primary form of today’s school which has been disappeared now a days. Maktabkhaneh included big rooms in which a knowledgeable person educated children and an old straw mat, or a felt carpet, or a rug, a short table, a cherry or jujube twig, and a twig for punishing students.
As it is found based on historical findings, Maktabkhaneh and Madrese were of specific importance after Zoorkhaneh. Creating and extending educational organizations and institutions reached their zenith at Sasanid era and founding Jondi Shapour University in 3rd century they instructed students in science and literature.
Starting Safavid dynasty, Isfahan which was the capital of this dynasty hosted many schools built every corner of the city and created transitions in education. These schools embellished with Iranian architecture elements and supplied different spaces for teaching and training.
We visit every corner of Isfahan in order to know its historical schools.
Chahar Bagh Madrese
Chahar Bagh Madrese (school) is the last historical splendid construction of Safavid era in Isfahan which has been known as Soltani Madrese and Shah’s mother’s Madrese and today is working as the Emam Sadegh Seminary. This school founded coincident with the time of the last Safavid king’s reign, Shah Soltan Hosein, for teaching and training religious students. Many researchers believe that this construction applied as either school or mosque.
The construction has been built in Isfahani Style of architecture and its dome is the second after Sheikh Lotfolah Mosque, from an architectural viewpoint and beautiful tiling work.
Its entrance is very luxurious and embellished with gold and silver. This unique entrance is a masterpiece of arts like gilding, calico, designing, and illumination. Tile working of this construction is a combination of different types of this art like Haft rang (seven colors), moaragh (marquetery), gereh chini (girih tiles), magheli (معقلی), and pili, since it is called the museum of Isfahan tile working. The integral altar and pulpit, the chamber specified to Shah Soltan Hosein, Nastaliq scripts on inscriptions, and wooden windows and also old sycamore trees and streams flowing in the yard have changed this place into a spectacular and exhilarating place.
Ibne Sina (Avicenna) Madrese
Avicenna school is a small school with a brick dome which dates back to Seljuke era but it is very valuable because Avicenna taught here when he was in Isfahan. What you see today is a part of the old school which has been demolished gradually during the time.
Esmaeeliyeh Madrese is a building dates back to Safavid erawhich has been constructed by “Mir Mohammad Esmaeel Khatoon Abadi”. This building changed into a desolate place during the time but today is used as a theology school and many theologians reside there.
Emamiyeh School is one of the oldest schools of Isfahan and dates back to 15th century whose original name was “Baba Ghasem” and called also Emamiyeh an Emami. Baba Ghasem was one of the mystics in the early 15th century.
The altar of this school is one of the Iranian monuments of Metropolitan museum which is of most beautiful parts of this building.
Jaddeh Koochak Madrese
Jaddeh Koochak School is one of the historical schools in Isfahan which has been constructed in Safavid era coincident with Shah Abbas Π reign and by the command of his grandmother, Lady Delaram. The inscription on top of its façade shows 1646 and an inscription of pious foundation (Vaqf nameh) show August 1647 as the date of finishing this building.