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- ancient baths . ancient baths in Iran . heating system . Iran Mashhad anthropology museum . Iranian Life . Mahdi Gholi beyk . tour to iran .
Mashhad Gholi Beyk bath
Mahdi Gholibeyk bath in Mashhad is one of the biggest baths in Iran stepping on which you see a very exquisite construction of ancient baths. This bath is an old building with a beautiful, colorful and unique ceiling whose antiquity refers to Safavid era.
This charming construction has been built and endowed people by a person named Mahdi Gholi beyk and now it is known as Mahdi Gholibeyk.
This bath is one of the famous baths in Mashhad in Safavid era whose charming architecture indicates the splendor and glory of Iranian original architecture.
Come to anthropology museum of Mashhad and glorious Mahdi Gholi beyk bath with Tour To Iran
Why mahdi Gholibeyk bath?
– It is one of the biggest and most ancient baths in Iran.
– Visiting it you can see unique paintings on the wall and ceiling
– You will find the origin of heating system
Architecture and designing of mahdi Gholi beyk bath
Generally it has been applied materials like mortar, lime, metal, stone, glass, and tile in constructing of mahdi Gholibeyk bath but the main frame is from brick. The bath consists of 7 parts every which has a different application.
Looking at the ceiling you see exquisite paintings and figures every which has been added at one time and each part narrates different stories. Parts of Rostam and Sohrab story with some explanation have been represented in arched and semi-arched parts and there are stories about people’s daily life in domed and middle parts of the ceiling.
To provide the enough light for mahdi Gholibeyk bath, dormers have been used which called “Goljam”. The different number and dimensions of “Goljam” make a unique lighening in a part named dressing room so that during the day from -sunrise to sunset- the bath is bright, although based on the time and angle of sunshine in different time of the day, a part is bright and another part is dark. This continual changing of light is one of the outstanding characteristics of mahdi Gholibeyk bath.
Different parts of the bath
1) Dressing room
The first part of a bath that you enter in, is dressing room which consists of several rooms in several directions. The walls of dressing room have been ornamented with designed turquoise tiles and very exquisite paintings manifest on the ceiling.
After dressing room you enter a part called vestibule which actually play the role of a connector between dressing room and hot chamber (hot house). There is a small pond of cold water in the middle of vestibule in which everyone washed their feet when they finished and got out of the bath. Washing the feet makes the temperature of the body decreased via soles so the body is ready to enter the cold space of dressing roomand this prevent people to get cold. It is interesting to know that the origin of the cold water pond comes from here.
Just behind the hot chamber is furnace which is a place for making a fire and providing the needed heat and energy of the bath.
It is interesting to say that, the heat and the smoke of burning the firewood transferred to the out of the bath via branches called “Gorbeh ro” means “cat way”. “Gorbeh ro” not only sent out the smoke but also heated the floor and walls of “mahdi Gholibeyk” bath, since actually “Gorbeh ros” were narrow curved canals that continued from hot chamber to dressing roomand ended to some chimney on the walls of dressing room.
As you saw and you did not expect, the heating system on the floor in today architecture has an Iranian origin and Iranian intelligent and creative architects have used it since many years ago.