UNESCO / The Tabriz bazaar | a trade center with the spread of Iran`s history & culture
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Today, we have traveled to Tabriz to see one of the biggest & the longest indoor bazaars of Iran closely.
The bazaar of Tabriz has the most complete social formation among the bazaars of Iran. A bazaar which has the pure history & culture blood of the past, in its vessels.
Touch the Authenticity and the history in this bazaar
Because of its geographical situation which was by the roads of west to the east & north to the south Tabriz has been one of the important communicational & economical centers of Iran.
Marcopolo in his visit of Tabriz mentioned that the city has a great location & lots of Merchandise centers there from India, Baghdad, Mosul and Hormuz & other areas.
The bazaar whose width & the way which people works there, will astonish you.
Maybe reading the statements of Ibn Battuta, the famous traveler about the Tabriz bazaar who visited there in 1330 A.D won`t be ungraceful!
“Tabriz bazaar was one of the most beautiful bazaars which I have seen in all cities around the world … I went to DJawaherian bazaar, my eyes were gazed in so much I watched such a jewelry”
The features of Tabriz Bazaar
Tabriz bazaar is the biggest bazaar of Iran and one of the biggest indoor bazaars in Asia & in the world.
In the past, the European merchants after passing cities and the main bazaars of Turkey had been arriving to the Tabriz Bazaar.
The Tabriz bazaar in the middle of 19th century (the Qajar dynasty) was handling almost ¼ of Iran`s trade and from this aspect, was more active than the bazaar of Tehran.
The Bazaar of Tabriz is a contiguous complex & covered by roof which with the length of 1 kilometer, is the biggest bazaar In its kind in the world. This bazaar was registered in the list of national heritages in 1975.
This amazing bazaar, because of its special features was registered in UNESCO world heritage in 2010.
History of Tabriz Bazaar
The exact construction date of this complex is unknown, but a lot of tourists who visited this bazaar between the 4th century A.H to the Qajar Dynasty, have informed about that.
As we said before, the Tabriz city is located on the Silk Road and passing of the thousands caravans daily from different Asain, African and European countries from it, causes that Tabriz & its Bazaars has a good boom.
Architecture & construction of Tabriz bazaar
If we consider the center of Tabriz city as a Foursquare, Tabriz bazaar is located in the center of this Foursquare. The Tabriz bazaar, has been formed from almost 5500 chambers and shops, 40 different professions, 35 “serras”, 25 “Timchehs”, 30 mosques & 20 rows, 11 Corridor, 5 baths & 12 schools.
The main texture of the Tabriz bazaar, is formed from 2 rows which links the northern part to the south & the eastern part to the west part of the bazaar. The width of bazaars is almost about 4 to 5 meters & the roof of the bazaar, according to the cold weather of Tabriz than other cities, was built in the height of 5 to 6 meters.
The main rows are linked together with the subsidiary rows. In the spaces between them, the forming elements of the bazaar such as “Timchehs” & “Serras” were built which had covered the crosses of the rows with the beautiful dome chambers. “ Amir Timcheh ” Dome chamber is the biggest dome chamber of the bazaar & the most beautiful timcheh, is “Mozaffariyeh”.
The Mozaffariyeh Timcheh, known as the carpet bazaar of Tabriz
If we want to introduce the most popular part of this complex, it is the Mozaffariyeh Timcheh undoubtedly.
Mozaffariyeh Timcheh has a special importance in Iran and also in world carpet trade, because it is one of the important export & trade centers of Azerbaijan & Iran carpet.